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Michel Foucault

“The frontiers of a book are never clear-cut: beyond the title, the first lines and the last full stop, beyond its internal configuration and its autonomous form, it is caught up in a system of references to other books, other texts, other sentences: it is a node within a network… The book is not simply the object that one holds in one’s hands… Its unity is variable and relative”. (Foucault 1974, 23)
Biography and Timeline: Michel Foucault (October 15,1926 – June 25,1984) was born in France. He lived an upper middle-class life with his grandfather and father being doctors. Foucault went to school in Poitiers during the years of German occupation and became a philosopher instead of a doctor like his father. In 1959 Foucault received his doctorate under the supervision of Georges Canguilhem, the famous French philosopher. He died June 26, 1984 in France from an autoimmune disease.
Main Ideas and Key Terms Related to Intertextuality:
His focus on intertextuality was “that each text exists in relation to others. In fact, texts owe more to other texts than to their own makers”. The texts are in conversation with each other and are more important in some instances than the authors. It is the sentences that carry the work and that do the job of indulging a feeling.
Legacy (Important Works and Theoretical Debate):
Madness and Civilization (1961),
The Order of Things (1966),
Discipline and Punish (1975),
The History of Sexuality (1976)
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